Trigger finger is a painful condition caused by the irritation and inflammation of the tendons and pulleys in a finger. At the point where a tendon enters a finger, it travels through a tunnel formed by a series of pulleys that allow for smooth motion. When this structure becomes inflamed, a unique sensation occurs, which many people liken to a trigger being pulled and released. The finger may feel as if it is locked in a bent position, then painfully “snap” when straightened. For expert treatment of trigger finger, including trigger finger surgery and non-surgical options, you can consult with a hand and wrist specialist a Premier Bone & Joint Centers in Rawlins, WY.
What Causes Trigger Finger?
The exact causes of trigger finger are unknown. Oftentimes, the condition develops gradually with repetitive, forceful movements of a finger. It can also result from an underlying medical condition, such as rheumatoid arthritis, gout, or diabetes. As an inflamed finger tendon thickens, its passage through the surrounding protective sheath becomes more difficult. The first symptom of trigger finger is usually tenderness at the base of the finger.
How Is Trigger Finger Treated?
The goal of trigger finger treatment is to allow for full, pain-free movement of the finger. Many patients do well with conservative treatments, such as:
- Activity modifications
- Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)
- Corticosteroid injections
In severe cases, trigger finger surgery may be considered to widen the tendon sheath and allow the tendon to slide through it more easily. Afterward, normal use of the hand can be resumed as comfort permits. Additionally, a hand therapist can collaborate with the surgeon to develop a customized hand therapy program.
To learn more about trigger finger and its treatment options, contact Premier Bone & Joint Centers to request an appointment with a hand doctor at our satellite clinic in Rawlins, WY.